The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
Definition of 'criminal record'
An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records. The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant. The defendant has no finding of guilt. If they do not abide by these conditions, the discharge may be revoked and the finding may become guilty. This is found in New Mexico. An agreement between two or more persons that creates an obligation to do or not to do a particular thing. Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes. Judges sometimes use" court" to refer to themselves in the third person, as in "the court has read the briefs.
A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request. For first offenders in the state of Illinois, a "slap-on-the-wrist" type judgment whereby offender is verbally ordered to remain law abiding with no same or similar offender offenses committed.
Fines and court costs may still be imposed. A non-conviction, this has eligibility for expungement. Time spent in jail after the initial arrest but before the court appearance date. If in court, there is an additional order of confinement, this time could be credited to their sentence.
Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries. Often seen in Fulton, Georgia. Not enough evidence that shows the defendant is guilty or that he is innocent. So case is set aside. If not brought back up, case is closed.
- is recording a death certificate necessary.
- difference between dui and dwi virginia.
- public info background check people search.
- Legal words.
- Glossary of Legal Terms!
Wielding a dangerous weapon, i. In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. Whereby the finds or guilt or not guilty is postponed for a period of time if certain conditions set forth by the judge are complied with. A non-conviction, this type of decision has a dismissal status with no finding of guilt.
An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial. The dismissal of any action with the understanding that the complainant can sue or file charges again on the same course of action. Final disposition of a dismissal barring the right to file charges again or sues on the same cause of action.
- Criminal record.
- Glossary of Federal Sentencing-Related Terms.
- Criminal record definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary.
- criminal record - Dictionary Definition : terroraharda.ml;
- replacement birth certificate lompoc california!
The setting aside of criminal prosecution into special programs or educating classes without the stigma of a criminal conviction. If specifications are adhered to, the case is often eligible for dismissal. They are then said to be sitting en banc. Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder judge or jury to decide the case for one side or the other. The surrendering or transfer of a criminal by one state, city of country to another to answer to charges accused or convicted therein.
Jurisdiction given to federal courts in cases involving the interpretation and application of the U. Constitution, Acts of Congress and Treaties. A serious crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison. However, confinement time varies from state to state. To place a paper in the official custody of the clerk of court to enter into the files or records of a case. Handwritten information next to the record that did not transfer over to the database. This does not affect the actual record. The case has not been to trial.
Found in Virginia. The same as Returned Unserved below. A body of citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which are presented by the government, and determine whether there is probable cause to believe the offense was committed. As it is used in federal criminal cases, "the government" refers to the lawyers of the U.
Attorney's office who are prosecuting the case. A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted. Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else.
Criminal record - Wikipedia
Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court. In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty. The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies. A formal accusation by a government attorney that the defendant committed a misdemeanor. An order of the court prohibiting or compelling the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit. Government official with authority to decide lawsuits brought before courts. Other judicial officers in the U. The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case.
- child care colorado free background checks.
- Glossary of Legal Terms;
- Criminal Record | Definition of Criminal Record by Merriam-Webster.
- ssn background search for free;
Persons selected according to law and sworn to inquire into and declare a verdict on matters of fact. A legal action started by a plaintiff against at defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff. A case, controversy, or lawsuits. Participants plaintiffs and defendants in lawsuits are called litigants. Judicial officers who assist U. District Judges in getting cases ready for trial, who may decide some criminal and civil trials when both parties agree to have the case heard by a magistrate judge instead of a judge.
A less serious crime than a felony; usually a petty offense, punishable by probation or less than a year of confinement. Sentencing varies from state to state.
A program designated only for misdemeanor offenses in which the defendant may comply to the conditions of the program in order to avoid a conviction. An invalid trial caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
A downgraded case, sent back to a lower court for further proceedings. These cases are usually felonies that are dropped to a misdemeanor. Statement that finds insufficient evidence to hand down an indictment against a person accused of criminal charge. Common in Florida, the abandonment or dropping of a criminal case by the state attorney usually due to the lack of prosecution evidence. The paperwork was never sent to the court by the District Attorney and the case was never filed. Therefore, it was never brought to trial. Latin for "Not Prosecuted".
This means there was not enough evidence to convict the defendant. The case is dropped. Latin for "No Contest". The defendant has pled no contest to the charges against him or her. Therefore the court finds him or her guilty.